The goal of classroom teaching is to help students learn worthwhile knowledge and skills and develop the ability to use what they learn for their own purpose.
By "knowledge and skills," we mean understanding in depth big ideas that have contributed to the cultures, political systems, economies, and problems of the twenty-first century, and the development of thinking, reasoning, and problem-solving skills. This means that teaching should help students to analyze texts critically, compose persuasive arguments and execute them effectively both orally and in writing. Teaching should support the development of scientific analysis, mathematical reasoning, and students' ability to understand and respond to complex problems. Teaching should also help students appreciate the perspectives of diverse cultures and should broaden and change whose knowledge and experience is valued. This includes studying the ideas, histories, and literature of peoples and cultures that have not been included in dominant narratives or in the construction of socio-political systems. In short, teaching should support the development of academic and personal agency for students, enabling them to participate in a democracy and supporting their social and emotional development.